Developing new concepts for using hydrogen as gas turbine fuel
01.04.2006 – 30.04.2008
Generation of electricity using hydrogen manufactured from natural gas to create "decarbonised fuels" can reduce CO2 emissions by around 90%. This method of CO2 capture has led to an urgent need for combustion technologies for hydrogen-fuelled gas turbine s. Recently, the US department of energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy Turbine Technology expanded its R&D program with $45,6 million to improve combustion technologies for hydrogen fuels. The U.S. DOE said: "Investing in research that applies new fuels to large- and small-scale turbines provides opportunities for developing a future hydrogen economy, in which hydrogen is the fuel of choice for transportation and power generation". The present work will improve combustion technologies for hydrogen fuel s and focus on strengthening the collaboration between Norway and the U.S. on the development of hydrogen-fuelled gas turbines for use in power production with CO2 capture. The work will be based upon and be performed in close collaboration with the exis ting KMB BIG CO2 project work at SINTEF. The objective is to develop new technologies for using hydrogen as gas turbine fuels in a safe and reliable manner, and at the same time meet existing requirements for low emissions. The combustion group at SINTEF Energy Research/NTNU has for several years been working with advanced hydrogen combustion technologies in close collaboration with Universities and Research Institutes in California, USA. The candidate for the present application is invited to visit, an d work in close collaboration with, the Combustion Research Facility at Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California. The project will advance our knowledge on hydrogen combustion technologies and strengthen our collaboration with the United States . By advancing existing knowledge and contacts in the U.S., new ideas and concepts for the use of hydrogen as gas turbine fuel with focus on low emission requirements will be developed, evaluated and tested.